Named after seawater, aquamarine’s fresh watery hue is a cool plunge into a refreshing pool.


In the 19th century the preferred colour for aquamarine was sea-green, and indeed the name itself means sea water. Today the most valued colours are sky-blue and dark blue. Aquamarine is dichroic, appearing blue or colourless as the stone is view from different angles. Gem-quality aquamarine is found as hexagonal crystals, which may be up to 1m(39in) long and flawless, with striations along the length of the crystal. Aquamarine is often cut with the table facet parallel to the length of the crystal in order to emphasize the deepest coloration.


The best of the gem-quality aquamarine is found in Brazil, where it occurs in pegmatites and alluvial deposits of gravel, locally called cascalho. Other localities include the Urals(Russia), Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and, more recently exploited, Nigeria. A dark blue variety occurs in Madagascar.

Fun Facts

The largest gem-quality aquamarine crystal mined to date is 19 inches long and weighs 110kg.
Like emerald, aquamarine is a color variety of the mineral beryl.
Aquamarine is mined at high elevations in Pakistan’s Karakoram Mountains.
Birthstone March
Anniversary 19th wedding anniversary
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Composition Beryllium Silicate
Luster Vitreous
Hardness 7.5
Refractive Index 1.57 to 1.58
Specific Gravity 2.69
Mohs Hardness 7.5 to 8.0
DR 0.006